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AGGRAND Hay and Pasture Guide

Hay and pasture are integral to the food supply of many classes of livestock. Hay is one of the most versatile of stored forages and provides ready supplemental food for animals that also might graze pasture land.

 

High-quality hay has more protein that can produce healthier livestock, reducing the need for feed supplements and associated costs. AGGRAND HAY STUDY — Results of a three-year AGGRAND hay study indicate the application of AGGRAND products increases hay yield and relative feed value (RFV). RFV is a measure of feed quality commonly used in marketing livestock forages, especially alfalfa hay. The study shows an average increase in yield of more than 10 percent, while laboratory analysis reveals a 16 percent increase of RFV in the hay that was fertilized with AGGRAND products.

 

AGGRAND natural fertilizers are formulated to provide nutrients immediately available to the plant and encourage microbial growth within the soil. These microbes break down nutrients into forms plants can use and improve the soil structure by creating passageways for the movement of water and air. Plants develop stronger and deeper root systems that can result in higher-quality forage.

 

Since soil conditions vary so much throughout North America, AGGRAND recommends obtaining a soil analysis. A soil sample kit can be purchased from AGGRAND at a nominal cost. A properly obtained soil sample and resulting analysis are key steps in understanding the nutrient needs of the hay field or pasture. Once the analysis is complete, AGGRAND provides product, dilution and application method recommendations, along with timing of those applications specific to the geographic region of interest. There are times when fertilizer applications alone are not enough to create a naturally balanced soil. In these instances, AGGRAND also may recommend the incorporation of natural soil amendments such as lime, gypsum, manure and other minerals. General application recommendations are on the back of this page.

 

Mixed grass/legume production as it relates to permanent cultures on acid clay soils in the eastern U.S. and Pacific Northwest has special fertility requirements. These soils tend to contain high to excessive amounts of magnesium (Mg) and low to deficient amounts of calcium (Ca). The percentages of magnesium and calcium must be adjusted to increase soil aeration, allowing higher levels of biological activity to increase and sustain high productivity levels (the biology follows the chemistry).

 

In general, one ton of gypsum and one ton of high-calcium lime applied per acre during field renovation increase aeration and improve drainage on clay soils for several years. After gypsum is tilled into the soil, irrigate or allow several inches of rain to fall to leach the excess magnesium from the soil before applying lime.

AGGRAND General Recommendations for Hay and Pasture

Mixed grass/legume production as it relates to permanent cultures on acid clay soils in the eastern U.S. and Pacific Northwest has special fertility requirements. These soils tend to contain high to excessive amounts of magnesium and low to deficient amounts of calcium. The percentages of magnesium and calcium must be adjusted to increase soil aeration, allowing higher levels of biological activity to increase and sustain high productivity levels (the biology follows the chemistry).

 

In general, one ton of gypsum and one ton of high-calcium lime applied per acre during field renovation can increase aeration and improve drainage on clay soils for several years. After gypsum is tilled into the soil, irrigate or allow several inches of rain to fall to leach the magnesium from the soil before applying lime. Some farmers have reported that the soil chemistry stays in balance with very little change over long periods when AGGRAND fertilizers are used in conjunction with the balancing of soil chemistry.

 

Foliar ApplicationsAGGRAND INCREASES YIELD — This Indiana hayfield produced 979 bales of hay after AGGRAND Natural Fertilizer was applied.

 

Per-acre mix ratio:

 

Mix 1 gallon AGGRAND Natural Fertilizer, 1 gallon AGGRAND Natural Liquid Bonemeal, 1 quart AGGRAND Natural Kelp and Sulfate of Potash and 75 gallons of water. Apply as a fine mist with enough solution to thoroughly cover leaves. Perform first application in spring when plants are 4-6” in height. Adjust solution according to soil fertility.

 

Repeat application when crop begins to regrow (4-6” in height) and after each cutting or grazing (on rotationally grazed pastures). Perform 2-3 applications per year. If soil testing indicates low to moderate magnesium levels, substitute AGGRAND Liquid Lime for AGGRAND Bonemeal.

 

Rates vary according to soil fertility, cropping history, and other inputs that are applied. Lower dilution rates are more effective than higher dilution rates. Two or three lighter applications may be more effective than one or two heavier applications. If other constraints allow only one trip over the field, do not exceed a 3 percent dilution rate (3 gallons AGGRAND fertilizers to 97 gallons water).

 

To reduce susceptibility to attack of insect and disease-causing organisms, apply a per-acre mixture of 1-2 gallons AGGRAND Natural Fertilizer or 1 quart AGGRAND Natural Kelp and Sulfate of Potash and 35 gallons of water when signs of infestation become apparent.

 

Pre-Plant Soil ApplicationsLUSH ALFALFA CROP - This alfalfa field in Ohio produced five cuttings during a dry season using AGGRAND Natural Fertilizer.

 

Per-acre mix ratio:

 

Mix 3-6 gallons AGGRAND Natural Fertilizer and 50-100 gallons of water. Apply after seedbed preparation. Drag lightly after application.